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PFMA Rabbit Nutrition & Welfare Symposium June 2018

PFMA Rabbit Nutrition & Welfare Symposium June 2018

The Pet Food Manufacturers’ Association (PFMA) hosted its second Rabbit Nutrition and Welfare Symposium in central London on 21 June

The Pet Food Manufacturers’ Association (PFMA) hosted its second Rabbit Nutrition and Welfare Symposium in central London on 21 June. The event brought together over 60 pet food manufacturers, retailers, welfare organisations, vets and academics to discuss the latest science on rabbit welfare topics and how the sector can work together to improve the wellbeing of the 900,000 pet rabbits in the UK.

The collaborative event was a great success with renowned rabbit experts including Dr Nicola Rooney, Richard Saunders MRCVS and Molly Vagra MRCVS, presenting on all aspects of rabbit welfare before agreeing three key messages for rabbit owners

A rabbit sized bundle of good quality hay a day 

Hay was the buzz word of the day with all delegates in agreement that every rabbit should have a rabbit sized bundle of hay a day. Rabbits need a high level of fibre in their diet, and hay is the most common source of this for them[2] Hay quality is important too but a clear and simple message on quantity is needed for rabbit owners as a first step. 

Commercial rabbit food has a role to play

The experts agreed that commercially prepared rabbit food has an important role to play in supplementing a pet rabbit’s diet but portion control is vital.How to feed is considered as relevant as what to feed.Food provides nutrition but also creates opportunities for a rabbit to express natural behaviour through foraging (scattering feed, puzzle feeders) and bonding with owners (hand feeding), both enhance well-being.

Fit bunny, not fat bunny

Rabbit obesity is an issue that needs to be addressed.  Education on what is a healthy body shape for rabbits, increased opportunities for exercise and following feeding guidelines on rabbit food packets are the practical steps needed. Food (taken from the daily portion) can also be used to encourage activity, for instance, digging and foraging for food, reaching for food on higher platforms and in hanging devices.

Michael Bellingham, PFMA Chief Executive explained: “This seminar has been a highlight in our year. The range of delegates from industry to vets and welfare bodies, quickly reached consensus in all areas. Without doubt it is ‘hay all the way’ and there is a need to collaborate on education. We have all been working to improve rabbit welfare and what has become very clear today is the potential for us to do this more effectively if we all have a collaborative approach. We look forward to bringing the next steps to life.”


The session was opened with a series of presentations from an expert panel, which included: Event Chair, Chris Laurence FRCVS (Chairman of Canine & Feline Sector Group), Dr Ambrose Tinarwo (Hadlow College), Molly Varga MRCVS (Rutland Veterinary Referrals), Dr Nicola Rooney (University of Bristol), Richard Saunders MRCVS (Bristol Zoo and RWAF Veterinary Adviser) and Dr Wanda McCormick (Anglia Ruskin University).

Useful resources:

The Importance of Hay poster is a visual chart that shows the essential components of a rabbit’s diet and what quantities need to be fed:

The PFMA Rabbit Size-O-Meter is a simple chart to help owners assess whether their rabbits are a healthy size. This is free to download at:

Notes to editors: PFMA is the leading trade body for the UK pet food industry. Our 80 plus members represent over 90% of the market. Members manufacture a range of food for a variety of pets including cats, dogs, rabbits and other small mammals, fish and birds. PFMA provides an education resource on pet nutrition. For more information, please visit

PFMA coordinated the event with support from the Pet Industry Federation (PIF) – the membership organisation for the pet industry specialist in the UK. For more information, please visit

[1] PFMA/TNS UK pet population research Jan 2018

[2] Fediaf Nutritional Guidelines for Feeding Pet Rabbits

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